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In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is one of the techniques used to help people with fertility problems have a baby. The procedure involves mixing eggs and sperm outside the body in a laboratory, which allows fertilization to occur. Then, the fertilized egg is placed back to the uterus to grow and develop. The procedure can be carried out using the patient’s eggs and her partner’s sperm, or eggs and sperm from donors. Before undergoing the procedure, the patient and her partner must perform a series of tests, such as semen analysis, ovarian reserve testing, infectious disease screening, mock embryo transfer, and uterine cavity exam.
IVF is a complex procedure and may take several months to complete. It involves six main stages: suppressing the menstrual cycle, boosting the egg supply, monitoring the progress and maturing the eggs, collecting the eggs, fertilizing the eggs, and finally, transferring the embryo(s). Propofol-based anesthesia will be given to the patient during the procedure. Many women can go back to their normal routine right after the procedure. However, it is best to take time to rest after the embryo transfer. After the procedure, the patient must stay in the Romania for 10 to 12 days to attend follow-up checkups with the surgeon and to ensure all procedures have been successful.
It is recommended for couples to have proper counseling during and after IVF procedures. The success rate of IVF depends on several factors, such as maternal age and lifestyle. 40% for women under the age of 35, 25% for women aged 36 to 41 and only 4% for women over 42 years of age. It is important to know that there are possible risks of IVF. Patients may experience nausea, shortness of breathing, faintness, and severe stomach pains. There are several alternatives to IVF, including intrauterine insemination, surgery, and lifestyle changes.