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Knee replacement, also known as knee arthroplasty or knee resurfacing, is a surgery that aims to remove pain and restore mobility. The procedure involves the exchange of a damaged or worn knee joint with an artificial joint made from metal and plastic. It is commonly performed on people who suffer from a type of arthritic knee disease, joint dislocation, ligament tears, or cartilage damage, usually after other treatments such as medication and therapy did not work. There are five main types of knee replacement surgery, including total knee replacement, partial knee replacement, patellofemoral replacement, complex knee replacement, and cartilage restoration.
Before the surgery, patients are required to attend diagnostic tests, such as ECGs, urine tests, and blood count checks. The surgery is performed under general or regional anesthesia. The surgeon will remove the damaged cartilage and bone and then position the new implant to restore the function of the knee. After the surgery, patients will need to stay in the hospital for one to four days. Patients are required to stay in the Telangana for 10 to 14 more days to attend follow-up procedures and the early stage of physio. However, the recovery period can vary depending on the individual, full recovery may take around six weeks, and the knee will continue to heal for up to two years.
Around 85% to 90% of knee replacement surgeries are reported to be successful. Still, as with any operation, there are possible risks. Although complications are rare, patients can experience stiffness of the knee, infection, or unexpected bleeding. Therefore, it is important to obey the instructions given by doctors, nurses, and physical therapists. Patients may be asked to take prescribed medications, use walking aids, avoid using stairs, and follow a healthy diet plan. The alternatives to knee replacement are acupuncture, prolotherapy, and stem cell therapy (to name a few).