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Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL), also known as Tibial collateral ligament, is one of the most important ligaments of the knee joint. It connects the bones in the thigh and lower leg. Located in the inner aspects of your joint at the medial side, this ligament is responsible for the side to side movement and stability of your knee. The MCL helps to keep the knee in place along with the lateral collateral ligament (LCL). However, the MCL is more commonly damaged than the LCL. MCL injuries often happen in contact sports, usually resulting from a hit or blow to the outer aspect of the knee that stretches and tears the MCL. When the MCL is sprained, it may not hold the knee in place as securely and causes pain on the inside of the knee.
To repair damaged MCL, you can opt for a knee ligament surgery, particularly when the injury is severe. During the surgery, you will be given a general or local anesthesia. Then, your surgeon will make a small incision to insert an arthroscope. The arthroscope will help your surgeon to inspect the inside of the joint cavity. Then, an incision is made on the inner aspect of the knee. If the ligament is torn, your surgeon will stitch or staple it together. However, if the damage is very severe, your surgeon may suggest you have replacement surgery.
The surgery normally takes 1 to 1.5 hours to complete. After the surgery, you will need to stay in the hospital for a night where your condition will be monitored regularly. You are advised to stay in the Seestrasse for at least 14 days for initial recovery and for the stitches to be removed. The complete recovery period may up to 6 months until you can resume your normal activity and get back to physical activities, but you should be able to return to work within 4 to 5 weeks. The success rate for this surgery is reported to be around 85% to 90%.