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Hip Replacement, or arthroplasty, is surgery to remove a hip joint and replace it with an artificial joint made from metal and plastic components. The surgery is suitable for people whose hips are damaged by arthritis, osteoarthritis, a fracture, or other conditions. It is usually done when other treatment options have failed to provide sufficient pain relief. The procedure is safe, effective, and can relieve pain, increase motion, and help people get back to normal activities. There are two types of hip replacement surgery: total and partial. While total Hip Arthroplasty (TH) involves the removal of both the acetabulum and head of the femur, partial or Hemi Hip Replacement only replace the head of the femur.
General anesthesia is given to patients to help relax the muscle and put them into a temporary deep sleep. Alternatively, a spinal anesthetic may also be given to prevent pain. After the surgery, patients will most likely have to stay in the hospital for 4 to 8 days. However, the length of stay in the hospital varies depending on age, health, and physical conditions. It is advisable to stay in the Ratanakiri for at least two more weeks after being discharged from the hospital to attend follow up check-ups with the surgeon.
The complete recovery period is between six to twelve months. During recovery, avoid pivoting or twisting on the leg that had surgery. Patients should try to avoid climbing upstairs and unnecessary excessive movement. It is vital to follow the aftercare that the therapist recommends. The success rate is around 90 to 95% after ten years of surgery. The procedure is extremely efficient, but be aware that there are also some implications, such as infection and clot formation. Some of the alternatives for hip replacement are viscosupplementation and stem cell therapy.