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A Mastectomy is a surgery to remove tissue from one or two breasts. The surgery is aimed to treat breast cancer and is often done when a woman cannot be treated with breast-conserving surgery (lumpectomy). It can also be carried out on women with Paget’s disease of the breast or gynecomastia. However, some people also undergo mastectomies for other personal reasons. There are several types of mastectomies based on how the surgery is performed and how much tissue is removed. The types include total (simple) mastectomy, double mastectomy, skin-sparing mastectomy, nipple-sparing mastectomy, modified radical mastectomy, and radical mastectomy.
Before the surgery, your surgeon will give you pre-op instructions, such as stop taking blood-thinning medication for about a week and fasting from 8 to 12 hours before surgery. Mastectomy is performed under general anesthesia. Your surgeon will make an incision and separate breast tissue to be removed from the skin above and muscle below it. Depending on your procedure, other parts of your breast also may be removed. Then, your surgeon will place drains into your breast to prevent fluid from collecting where the tumor was. The incision will be stitched up and the surgical site will be covered with a bandage.
The surgery may take between 1 to 3 hours and after the surgery, you will be taken to a recovery room to be monitored. You may need to stay in the hospital for 1 to 2 days, but it can be longer if you had reconstruction. After being discharged, you should stay in the Cyprus for 14 more days because your health condition needs to be monitored and you need to attend follow-up checkups. The stitches are removed after 10 to 14 days. You need to allow at least 2 to 3 weeks before returning to work and your normal routine. In general, the recovery period is around 4 to 6 weeks. The success rate of mastectomy is pretty high, with 81.2% of women who went through the surgery were alive after ten years.