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An anal fistula is a small tunnel that develops inside the anus between the end of the bowel and the skin near the anus. In most conditions, an anal fistula develops because of an infection near the anus that did not heal right away. However, anal fistulas can also develop from an ongoing illness that affects your bowels, tuberculosis, or sexually transmitted diseases. There is no medication that can treat an anal fistula, so your doctor may ask you to undergo surgery if you are diagnosed with this condition.
The surgery will be performed by a colon or rectal surgeon. There are several different options to treat an anal fistula and your surgeon will discuss the best option for you. Every option is performed under local or general anesthetic. The most common type of surgery to treat an anal fistula is fistulotomy. During this procedure, your surgeon will make an incision along the whole length of the fistula in order to open it up. However, this type is only suitable for fistulas that do not pass through much of sphincter muscles because the risk of incontinence is low. If the risk is high, your surgeon will suggest other types such as Seton techniques, advancement flap procedure, and LIFT procedure.
After the surgery, you should be able to go back to your hotel on the same day or you may need to stay in the hospital for one night. You should stay in the Worldwide for at least for 2 weeks because you will need to allow some time for the initial recovery and to attend follow-up checkups. The recovery period varies from one person to another. The wound should heal within six weeks and you should be able to get back to work after a few weeks. The success rate is extremely high. Nevertheless, you should be aware of possible risks such as infection, recurrence of the fistula, and bowel incontinence.